The Fair Chance Act is a law that prohibits employers from asking about an applicant’s criminal history before making a job offer. It is also known as the “ban the box” law because it removes the checkbox on job applications that asks about criminal convictions. The law’s purpose is to reduce barriers to employment for people with criminal records and allow them to be judged on their qualifications. The Fair Chance Act applies to federal contractors nationwide, and to employers with five or more employees in California, and to most employers in New York City.