The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a U.S. law that allows eligible employees to take unpaid, job-protected leave for certain medical and family reasons. The FMLA covers employers with 50 or more employees within 75 miles of the employee’s worksite. The FMLA also requires employers to continue providing group health insurance benefits during the leave period. The FMLA grants up to 12 weeks of leave per year for reasons such as childbirth, adoption, foster care placement, serious health condition of oneself or a family member, or military family leave.