Common Cognitive Biases

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Here’s a list of common cognitive biases: 

  1. Apophenia: Perceiving false connections [1]. 
  1. Availability heuristic: Biased by memory accessibility [1]. 
  1. Cognitive dissonance: Perception of contradictory information [1]. 
  1. Confirmation bias: Seeking evidence for own beliefs [1]. 
  1. Egocentric bias: Overestimating own perspective [1]. 
  1. Framing effect: Influenced by presentation of information [1]. 
  1. Hindsight bias: Seeing past events as predictable [1]. 
  1. Illusory superiority: Overestimating own qualities [1]. 
  1. Loss aversion: Preferring to avoid losses [1]. 
  1. Negativity bias: Focusing on negative information [1]. 
  1. Omission bias: Judging harmful actions worse [1]. 
  1. Optimism bias: Expecting positive outcomes [1]. 
  1. Self-serving bias: Claiming credit for successes [1]. 
  1. Anchoring bias: Over-reliance on first information [1]. 
  1. Memory bias: Distortion of memory recall [1]. 
  1. Recency effect: Remembering last items better [1]. 

These biases can influence our beliefs and actions daily. They can affect how we think, how we feel, and how we behave [3]. It’s important to be aware of these biases as they can distort our thinking and decision-making processes [2] [3]. 

For more on biases, please visit our other articles on Biases and Psychology.


  1. Examples of cognitive biases 
  1. Cognitive Bias List: 13 Common Types of Bias – Verywell Mind 
  1. 12 Common Biases That Affect How We Make Everyday Decisions 
  1. List of Cognitive Biases and Heuristics – The Decision Lab 
  1. Cognitive Bias 101: What It Is and How To Overcome It