A brief overview of the AI legislation in the US, Canada, and the EU:

An AI generated image of a gavel and law books

United States

  • The US has seen a surge in legislative activity related to potential AI risks and harms [5]. States are adopting regulations responding to concerns around many types of AI systems and contexts [5]. 
  • The Biden-Harris Administration issued an Executive Order to strengthen AI safety and security, protect Americans’ privacy, advance equity and civil rights, stand up for consumers and workers, promote innovation and competition, and advance American leadership around the world [6]. 
  • There have been some notable legislative efforts to regulate the use of AI, such as the American Data Privacy and Protection Act (ADPPA) and the Algorithmic Accountability Act of 2022 (AAA) [7]. 


  • In June 2022, the Government of Canada tabled the Artificial Intelligence and Data Act (AIDA) as part of Bill C-27, the Digital Charter Implementation Act, 2022 [1]. The AIDA aims to ensure that AI systems deployed in Canada are safe and non-discriminatory [2]. 
  • The AIDA requires businesses to implement new governance mechanisms and policies that will consider and address the risks of their AI system and give users enough information to make informed decisions [2]. 

European Union

  • The EU has approved a ground-breaking law, the Artificial Intelligence Act, aiming to harmonize rules on artificial intelligence [10^. This legislation follows a ‘risk-based’ approach, which means the higher the risk to cause harm to society, the stricter the rules [10]. 
  • The Act categorizes different types of artificial intelligence according to risk. AI systems presenting only limited risk would be subject to very light transparency obligations, while high-risk AI systems would be authorized, but subject to a set of requirements and obligations to gain access to the EU market [10]. 

Please note that this is a rapidly evolving field and the information provided is based on the latest available data. For more detailed information, you may want to refer to the respective government or legislative websites.